Jackson Criminal Law Firm
Understanding Your Court System in TN
Criminal Defense | Homicide | DWI | Drug Crimes | White Collar Crime
Being charged with a crime is a stressful situation under the best of circumstances. You may find that you do not understand anything about what is expected of you in order to fix the problem or address the charges in a responsible, lawful way.
At Byrd and Byrd, our Jackson criminal law firm is here to help you navigate the court system and fight the charges the prosecutor brings against you. We believe that when you know a little more about what’s expected of you, we are able to help you better.
The Court System & Criminal Laws in Jackson, TN
Tennessee has four levels of criminal courts:
Courts of Limited Jurisdiction — These courts hear limited matters. You may end up in General Sessions court for misdemeanor or DUI offenses. You could go to Municipal Court for a traffic ticket. Minors attend juvenile court. Although these courts can hear misdemeanor or municipal violations, there is no right to a jury trial and those matters heard at this level are determined by a judge only.
Grand Jury — A group of citizens empanelled to determine whether or not probable cause exists to believe that a crime was committed and that the person charged committed that crime. Grand Jury proceedings are not open to the public and are secret by statute. Rarely does a criminal defendant and/or his lawyer appear or have input at this level.
Trial Courts — The next level of court, Circuit Court or Criminal Court, is for criminal cases that involve a jury. This is the traditional court process many people consider when they think of answering to a criminal charge.
Appellate Courts — If you believe that the original decision in your criminal case contained an error at law, then your case goes to the Court of Criminal Appeals which reviews how the decision was reached in the lower court.
Supreme Court — Tennessee’s highest court has five Justices who consider important criminal appeals. Few cases are eligible for Supreme Court review.
For street directions to various local Tennessee courts, see our Courts page.
At Byrd & Byrd, Joe H. Byrd, Jr., has been protecting the rights of individuals charged with crimes in the West Tennessee area for more than a quarter of a century. As a Jackson criminal attorney, Joe H. Byrd, Jr., is known for his integrity, diligence, and hard work. His criminal defense practice involves representation of clients charged with a wide range of felonies and misdemeanors. Types of charges our criminal law firm in Jackson regularly handles for our clients include, but are not limited to:
When you are charged with a federal or state crime, attorney Joe H. Byrd, Jr., stands ready to assume your defense. You can rest assured that you are in the hands of a skilled practitioner. Tackling tough cases for 30 years has given him legal skills that can make a significant difference in the outcome of your case. As a criminal defense attorney in Jackson, Mr. Byrd will make sure you understand the charges filed against you, the available defenses, the possibility of a disposition other than trial, and the penalties and fines associated with your charges.
Employing his in-depth knowledge of Tennessee criminal law, he will make every effort to secure your release on bond or on recognizance, prepare a strong defense on your behalf, fight to reduce the charges against you, and obtain the best outcome possible, including a pretrial or judicial diversion of your charges if available.
Joe Byrd represents individuals in Tennessee State Courts, the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee and the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals
Our attorneys are ready to help you at all levels of the Tennessee criminal court system. To learn more about criminal defense in Tennessee, please read the following:
- How is Criminal Law Unique in Jackson
- What Recent Changes Affect Your Rights the Most
- What NOT to do or say if Approached or Detained by Police
Click here for answers to frequently asked questions about criminal law in Jackson or elsewhere in West Tennessee.